Exfoliation is the removal of the dead skin cells that cling to the epidermis, or outermost layer of the skin. By removing these cells, skin becomes healthy, smoother and more radiant. This process can be done through a variety of ways including facials, visits to the dermatologist or spa and at home. Individuals should pay special attention to their skin type before exfoliating.
Exfoliation for Dry Skin
The common cause of dry skin is the actual buildup of dead skin cells on the surface that do not fall off naturally. Proper exfoliation and moisturizing is the perfect combination for reducing dry skin, creating a smooth, youthful glow. There are various exfoliating methods that can be used by those with dry skin.
Sugar scrub — A mixture of ½ cup sugar and olive oil is combined to create a coarse sugar paste. After wetting the dry area, the scrub can be applied with the fingers in a gentle circular motion. Rinse the paste away and apply a moisturizer.
Dry Brush — A brush with natural bristles can be used to work in a circular motion with firm pressure. Always work towards the direction of the heart. After brushing, completely rinse off in the shower and finish by moisturizing. A brush with synthetic bristles should never be used as they are too harsh.
Commercial scrubs — Many products are available that are specifically formulated to combat dry skin. These items will contain soothing ingredients such as honey or oatmeal and will be extra gentle on the skin.
Exfoliation for Normal Skin
Exfoliating regularly not only removes dead cells, but can also improve blood circulation and keep pores clean and clear. This results in smooth, glowing skin. Exfoliating methods for dry skin vary from those of dry skin.
Dermatologists — Dermatology offices and spas offer skin care regimes that include in depth exfoliation. These options are quite pricey but some individuals prefer the professional and sometimes relaxing atmosphere.
Honey — Honey in it’s unprocessed, raw form has a number of beneficial qualities. It provides anti-fungal, anti-viral and even anti-bacterial properties that work to reduce acne or infection of the skin. Moreover, it naturally speeds up the exfoliation process thus creating wonderful, hydrating scrubs.
Papaya – This fruit contains a natural enzyme known as papain. This enzyme actually dissolves dead skin cells. In its green form, it makes the perfect exfoliating facial mask.
Exfoliation for Oily Skin
Oily skin commonly has more dead cells and an extra thick layer built up on the epidermis. Therefore, exfoliation is one of the best ways for reducing clogged pores and creating smoother skin. For optimum results, exfoliate 2 – 3 times a week.
The best ingredient for oily skin exfoliation is salicylic acid. It addresses the inside pore lining as well as the skin’s surface. It will even reduce past signs of blemishes with regular use.
For optimal results, individuals should be aware of their skin type before choosing an exfoliation method. If you have never done it before, then it would be wise to seek help from professionals.